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COP15 reaches deal to halt biodiversity loss by 2030


The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework has been adopted at the COP15 UN Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada, with the goal of preventing biodiversity loss and protecting natural ecosystems during this decade. As part of this effort, global governments have committed to providing increased financing for biodiversity-related initiatives in developing nations.


The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, seen as a counterpart to the Paris Agreement on climate change, aims to effectively stop biodiversity loss by 2030. Key targets of the agreement include the protection of at least 30% of terrestrial, inland water, coastal, and marine areas, as well as the mobilization of at least $200 billion in annual financing for biodiversity.


The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (KMGBF) is a global framework for conserving and protecting biodiversity. It was developed by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), an international treaty signed by over 190 countries, and is intended to provide a framework for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, as well as the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.


The KMGBF is based on the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which are a set of 20 specific targets that were adopted by the CBD in 2010 to guide actions to conserve and protect biodiversity. The KMGBF aims to build on the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and provide a more comprehensive and integrated approach to biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.


The KMGBF consists of six main elements: (1) governance and institutional arrangements, (2) financing, (3) science, technology, and capacity-building, (4) awareness-raising and education, (5) policy coherence and integration, and (6) implementation and monitoring. It also includes a number of cross-cutting issues, such as gender, indigenous and local communities, and the private sector, which are important considerations in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.


The KMGBF is intended to be a flexible and adaptive framework that can be implemented at different scales and in different contexts. It is designed to be flexible enough to allow countries to tailor their approaches to their specific needs and circumstances, while still being guided by the overall goals and targets of the framework.

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