ESG reporting: Understanding the landscape
Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) reporting is a way for companies to disclose information about their impact on the environment, their relationships with stakeholders such as employees and communities, and their governance practices. This type of reporting is becoming increasingly important as investors and other stakeholders increasingly consider ESG factors when making decisions about where to invest their money or do business.
There are a number of different standards and frameworks that companies can use when reporting on their ESG performance. Some of the most widely used include the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standards, the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) Standards, and the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) Recommendations.
The GRI Standards are considered the most comprehensive and widely used framework for ESG reporting. They provide a consistent and transparent approach for companies to disclose their environmental, social, and economic impacts. The SASB Standards are focused specifically on sustainability-related financial material, and provide guidance on what types of information companies should disclose to provide investors with a clear and consistent understanding of the financial implications of their sustainability performance.
The TCFD Recommendations provide a framework for companies to disclose information about the financial impacts of climate-related risks and opportunities. These recommendations were developed by a task force of financial experts and are supported by many leading financial institutions and investors.
In general, the best standards and frameworks for ESG reporting are those that are widely recognized and widely used. This allows for consistency and comparability across companies and industries, which is important for investors and other stakeholders who are looking to assess a company's ESG performance. It is also important for companies to choose a framework that is relevant to their business and industry, and that provides guidance on the specific types of information that should be disclosed.